This Week in AFLCMC History - November 14

This Week in AFLCMC History – November 14

November 14, 1973 (Wright-Patterson AFB)

Operation NICKEL GRASS is over. This operation, permitted on October 9, 1973, was the US response to the Yom Kippur Struggle between Israel and a Soviet-backed coalition of Arab states led by Syria and Egypt. After studying of Israel’s plans to probably use nuclear weapons to defend towards attacking armies, and fearing the Soviet response to this, the USA launched an airlift mission to provide Israel with weapons and standard provides as an alternative. Many C-141s and C-5s supporting this mission handed by Wright-Patterson AFB—which can have contributed to the various native “UFO sightings” of October 1973—in addition to Robins AFB. The power disaster of 1973 was a consequence of this conflict.

November 15, 1994 (Presidential and Govt Air Transport Directorate / WPAFB)

The E-4B Nationwide Airborne Operations Heart, or NAOC (pronounced NA-YOCK), started utilizing Wright-Patterson AFB as a ahead working location, which means the plane may very well be often deployed there. The E-4B is a Boeing 747-200 plane extremely fitted to army use as a conveyable command and management middle for the President and Nationwide Command Authority throughout nationwide emergencies. There may be all the time no less than one in every of these planes on alert 24 hours a day, 7 days every week, in case of want. The unique program was developed by Hanscom’s Digital Techniques Division within the early Nineteen Seventies to offer assured command and management throughout a nuclear conflict. (See photograph at high of web page).

November 16, 2004 (Bomber Department)

The Boeing NB-52B serial quantity 52-008 accomplished its ultimate flight at Edwards AFB. On the time, it was the oldest B-52 in flight, however it had the fewest flying hours. Whereas the B-52A was meant to be the primary manufacturing mannequin, solely 3 have been made in favor of the newer RB-52B which had a detachable reconnaissance pod within the bomb bay, giving it the designation “RB” twin function. 52-008 was solely the fifth of fifty such -B fashions produced. Whereas the others have been retired within the Sixties, -008 was handed over to NASA in 1959 because the NB-52B “mothership” to move and jettison the experimental X-15 hypersonic rocket airplane from the USAF-NASA. It performed an identical position for a whole bunch of subsequent check flights, together with the X-43A hypersonic scramjet launched on this ultimate flight. This historic bomber was retired as “Gate Guard” at Edwards.

November 17, 1970 (Digital Director—Hanscom AFB)

Hanscom AFB’s Digital Techniques Division (ESD) has been tasked to imagine accountability for the primary program division of the Automated Armed Forces Entry and Examination Station (AAFEES). This was a brand new program supposed so as to add a component of automation to Armed Forces Entrance Examination and Examination (AFEES) stations. AFEES have been locations the place individuals wishing to enlist within the military may go to obtain their medical examinations and assessments. Since 1982, these areas have been known as Army Entry Processing Stations (MEPS). The automated program was put in place to lighten a few of the workload for physicians, cut back errors and cut back fraud.

18 November 1945 (Tinker AFB)

After the top of World Struggle II, it was determined that Oklahoma Metropolis Air Depot wouldn’t be closed like so many different wartime air bases throughout the nation. As a substitute, it will be changed into a everlasting facility and expanded. On November 18, 1945, Lieutenant Basic Ira Eaker addressed a crowd of almost 150,000, the place he devoted the brand new everlasting base “Tinker Area”. Tinker’s namesake was Main Basic Clarence L. Tinker, an Osage Nation Native American born in Pawhuska, Oklahoma, who sadly misplaced his life close to Halfway Island in 1942. He was the primary Native American to succeed in the rank of main. Basic.

November 19, 1993 (AF Safety Help. & Coop. Dir.—WPAFB)

Royal Air Power (RAF) officers stationed at Wright-Patterson AFB have planted an English oak tree alongside Wright Avenue straight reverse Arnold Home (Constructing 8, Space A) to mark the RAF’s seventy fifth anniversary. There was a short ceremony, full with bagpipes, and a commemorative plaque was mounted on a plinth of Chilmark stone delivered to the bottom from a quarry at RAF Chilmark, Wiltshire. The stone reads, partly: ‘This English Oak was offered to the 645th Air Base Wing, [WPAFB], by officers of the Royal Air Power to have a good time the seventy fifth anniversary of the Royal Air Power. Might it develop to indicate the bond between the RAF and the USAF.

November 20, 1925 (ISR & SOF Dir.)

Military Air Service Lt George Goddard took the primary nighttime aerial {photograph}, over Rochester, NY. Goddard established the McCook Area Aerial Images Lab in 1919 and was obsessive about evening images as the important thing to battlefield surveillance. He examined varied kinds of cameras, flash bombs and timers in Dayton, garnering frequent native complaints. In 1925, Goddard and two teammates introduced their gear to Rochester, dwelling of their collaborator Kodak, for this demonstration. Their ensuing photograph appeared in newspapers all over the world.

Native American Heritage Month: Hill AFB

Final week, we mentioned the historic peoples who as soon as referred to as the lands round Wright-Patterson AFB dwelling. This week, we’re spotlighting the Tribal Nations round Hill AFB. Whereas in the present day there are not any federally acknowledged tribes within the state of Ohio, Hill AFB often works with tribal authorities in Utah and surrounding states. Final April, for instance, greater than twenty tribal and Division of Protection (DoD) representatives gathered for the 18th Annual Utah-DoD Authorities-to-Authorities Assembly on the Utah Museum of Pure Historical past ( beneath), and archeology and building on The Lands of Hill AFB often contain the nonetheless vibrant tribal nations of the world.

The earliest proof of human life round what’s now Hill AFB dates again 13,000 years. This era known as the Paleo-Indian interval (11,000 BC to eight,500 BC), and little is thought about these early individuals aside from the truth that they used instruments and seem to have hunted mammoths and different animals from the Pleistocene which have now disappeared within the area. . Archeology from the later Archaic interval (9000 BC – 450 AD) offers considerably extra element about life within the area throughout this era – for instance, whereas in 2006 there have been solely 36 recognized Paleoindian websites on Hill AFB lands, there have been 104 Archaic websites, with a handful of extra websites since found. It’s believed that throughout the Archaic interval, the inhabitants of the lands round Hill AFB lived in caves and rock shelters across the shores of the world’s lakes, the place they mixed looking and foraging. Archaic interval websites are discovered particularly across the Utah Check and Coaching Vary South.

The Archaic interval adopted the Fremont interval (AD 450 – AD 1300), the place proof of agriculture within the area begins. (The interval known as the Fremont interval as a result of the earliest proof of those farmers was discovered across the Fremont River.) These peoples, who included the Mogollon, Hohokam, and Salado, practiced agriculture in small villages and almost 40 websites of this era. have been discovered on Hill AFB grounds. The final main interval was the Late Prehistoric Interval (1255 AD – 1805 AD), which is maybe much less properly understood than the sooner Fremont interval. There are additionally fewer websites from this era, which some imagine displays inhabitants decline following European enlargement. Europeans started arriving within the space within the 18th century, the place they encountered the Paiute, Shoshone and Ute peoples. Friction continued between tribes, locals, and federal and state governments earlier than relations stabilized after the Nineteen Fifties. Immediately, Hill AFB companions with and consults with 21 tribes in 8 states.

#Week #AFLCMC #Historical past #November

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